Kidneys have important body functions in pets as they are responsible for the excretion of toxins from the body through urine. Kidneys also help with blood pressure regulation and the maintenance of healthy metabolism in the body. The kidneys are damaged in kidney disease and unable to carry out these functions as they should. Though uncommon, kidney disease in dogs is a serious medical condition. And kidney disease in cats is more commonly found among older cats.
Two types of kidney disease exist: chronic kidney disease (CKD) and acute kidney failure. CKD happens when kidney function deteriorates over time. Sometimes, the symptoms of CKD appear gradually, and in other cases, the symptoms develop suddenly due to considerable organ damage. Acute kidney failure happens mostly in response to another condition or because of exposure to a drug or toxin. Acute kidney disease treatment involves treating the underlying cause of kidney failure. This helps your pet recover fully.
Early detection of signs of kidney failure in dogs and cats is important because it helps prevent the disease progression to a life-threatening condition. Kidney failure in cats is seven times more likely to occur than kidney failure in dogs. Cat breeds with a higher risk of kidney disease are the Abyssinian and Persian. Dog breeds with a higher risk include Bull Terriers, English Cocker Spaniels, German Shepherds, and Samoyeds.
Symptoms of kidney disease in dogs
The signs of kidney disease in dogs might start suddenly or develop over a long period. Typically, they include:
- Increased urination frequency
- Inability to control urination
- Blood in urine
- Increased thirst, appetite loss, and weight loss
- Vomiting and diarrhea
- Mouth ulcers and pale gums
- Lethargy and weakness
- Depression, and sometimes seizures
Most of the signs of kidney failure in dogs can also be indicative of other conditions. Visit Safari Veterinary Care Center affordable pet clinic Houston to get professional advice about your dog’s condition.
Chronic Kidney Disease Treatment
Rehydration with fluids and a diet change are usually prescribed for CKD treatment. The new diet is usually low in protein, phosphorus, and calcium. Sodium and potassium levels are also balanced and increased omega fatty acids are given through the diet. Medication for blood pressure regulation, to control vomiting and diarrhea, and resolve anemia are also provided. Unfortunately, there is no existing cure for chronic kidney failure. Unless discovered early, it can only be managed using therapy to slow down the disease progression. Pet’s with kidney disease are monitored on an ongoing basis for needed adjustments to their diet or medication.
Stem Cell Treatment
Stem cell therapy can restore part of the lost kidney function. Depending on the onset of treatment and the severity of the disease, the kidney values may return to normal or close to normal. Stem cell therapy is either given as IV injections or injections directly into the kidney.
How to Prevent Kidney Disease in Dogs at Texas
There are several ways to prevent kidney disease in dogs. They help reduce the risk of your dog developing renal failure. They include:
1.) Ensuring your dog has the right diet
What your dog eats contributes largely to your dog’s health. High-quality dog food provides better nutrition with improved quality proteins for your dog. Poor-quality dog food makes the kidneys work harder and increase the rate of kidney deterioration.
2.) Knowing what is poisonous to your dog
Poisoning is the major cause of acute renal failure in dogs. Learning what substances and foods are unsafe for your dog can reduce the risk of kidney problems. Some foods that are harmful to dogs include:
- Grapes & raisins
- Garlic, onions & chives
Also, remember to keep your dog safe from potentially harmful substances like antifreeze, pesticides, and all kinds of medications.
3.) Keeping your dog hydrated
Water is important for healthy kidney function. Therefore, your pet should always have access to clean drinking water at all times.
4.) Keeping your dog’s teeth clean
Periodontal disease affects one in three dogs before their third birthday. This can be prevented by regular tooth-brushing and professional cleaning with the vet. Keeping your dog’s teeth clean is important because periodontal disease increases a dog’s risk of developing renal failure.
For more information on chronic kidney disease, it’s treatment and prevention, visit Safarivet affordable pet clinic, Houston.